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17th World Congress on Endocrinology & Diabetes, will be organized around the theme “New guidance and experimental approaches in the treatment of endocrinal disorders and diabetes”

EndocrinologyConference 2021 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in EndocrinologyConference 2021

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Coronary illness and stroke: People with diabetes are multiple times bound to have coronary illness or a stroke as individuals without diabetes. Visual deficiency and other eye issues: Harm to veins in the retina (diabetic retinopathy) Obfuscating of the focal point (waterfall) Expansion in liquid pressing factor in the eye (glaucoma) Kidney sickness: High glucose levels can harm the kidneys and cause constant kidney illness . If not treated, CKD can prompt kidney disappointment. An individual with kidney disappointment needs normal dialysis (a treatment that channels the blood) or a kidney relocate to endure. Around 1 out of 3 grown-ups with diabetes has CKD. You will not know whether you have CKD except if your primary care physician tests you for it. 

Nerve harm (neuropathy): One of the most well-known diabetes entanglements, nerve harm can cause deadness and agony. Nerve harm frequently influences the feet and legs yet can likewise influence your processing, veins, and heart. 
 
Removals: Diabetes-related harm to veins and nerves, particularly in the feet, can prompt genuine, difficult to-treat diseases. Removal can be important to stop the spread of disease. 
And that's just the beginning: 
Gum illness can prompt tooth misfortune and expanded glucose, making diabetes harder to oversee. Gum illness can likewise expand the danger of type 2 diabetes. 
Diabetes expands the danger of discouragement, and that hazard develops as more diabetes-related medical conditions create. 
Gestational diabetes, analyzed during pregnancy, can cause genuine entanglements for moms or their infants, like toxemia (hypertension brought about by pregnancy), injury from conceiving an offspring, and birth absconds. 
Inconveniences normally create throughout quite a while with no indications. That is the reason it's so imperative to make and keep specialist and dental specialist arrangements regardless of whether you feel fine. Early treatment can help forestall or defer diabetes-related ailments and improve your general wellbeing.


Endocrine disruptors are chemicals that can interfere with endocrine systems at certain doses. These disruptions can cause cancerous tumors, birth defects, and other developmental disorders. Any system in the body controlled by hormones can be derailed by hormone disruptors. Specifically, endocrine disruptors may be associated with the development of learning disabilities, severe attention deficit disorder, cognitive and brain development problems deformations of the body that includes breast cancerprostate cancer, thyroid and other cancers; sexual development problems such as feminizing of males or masculinizing effects on females, etc.

 


Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease, is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes mellitus. It is a leading cause of blindnessDiabetic retinopathy affects up to 80% of those who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. At least 90% of new cases could be reduced with proper treatment and monitoring of the eyes. The retina is the membrane that covers the back of the eye. It is highly sensitive to light. It converts any light that hits the eye into signals that can be interpreted by the brain. This process produces visual images, and it is how sight functions in the human eyeDiabetic retinopathy damages the blood vessels within the retinal tissue, causing them to leak fluid and distort vision.

Diabetic retinopathy is the result of damage to the small blood vessels and neurons of the retina. The earliest changes leading to diabetic retinopathy include narrowing of the retinal arteries associated with reduced retinal blood flow; dysfunction of the neurons of the inner retina, followed in later stages by changes in the function of the outer retina, associated with subtle changes in visual function; dysfunction of the blood-retinal barrier, which protects the retina from many substances in the blood leading to the leaking of blood constituents into the retinal neuropile.

Diabetic retinopathy, also known as diabetic eye disease, is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes mellitus. It is a leading cause of blindnessDiabetic retinopathy affects up to 80% of those who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. At least 90% of new cases could be reduced with proper treatment and monitoring of the eyes. The retina is the membrane that covers the back of the eye. It is highly sensitive to light. It converts any light that hits the eye into signals that can be interpreted by the brain. This process produces visual images, and it is how sight functions in the human eyeDiabetic retinopathy damages the blood vessels within the retinal tissue, causing them to leak fluid and distort vision.

Diabetic retinopathy is the result of damage to the small blood vessels and neurons of the retina. The earliest changes leading to diabetic retinopathy include narrowing of the retinal arteries associated with reduced retinal blood flow; dysfunction of the neurons of the inner retina, followed in later stages by changes in the function of the outer retina, associated with subtle changes in visual function; dysfunction of the blood-retinal barrier, which protects the retina from many substances in the blood leading to the leaking of blood constituents into the retinal neuropile.

  • Track 4-1What are the types of diabetic retinopathy?
  • Track 4-2What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?
  • Track 4-3What causes diabetic retinopathy?
  • Track 4-4How is diabetic diabetic retinopathy?
  • Track 4-5How isdiabetic retinopathy treated?
  • Track 4-6How is diabetic retinopathy prevented?


Pediatric endocrinology is a medical subspecialty dealing with disorders of the endocrine glands, such as variations of physical growth and sexual development in childhooddiabetes and many more. By age, pediatric endocrinologists, depending upon the age range of the patients they treat, care for patients from infancy to late adolescence and young adulthood. The most common disease of the specialty is type 1 diabetes, which usually accounts for at least 50% of a typical clinical practice. The next most common problem is growth disorders, especially those amenable to growth hormone treatment. Pediatric endocrinologists are usually the primary physicians involved in the medical care of infants and children with intersex disorders.

The specialty also deals with hypoglycemia and other forms of hyperglycemia in childhood, variations of puberty, as well other adrenal, thyroid, and pituitary problems. Many pediatric endocrinologists have interests and expertise in bone metabolismlipid metabolism, adolescent gynecology, or inborn errors of metabolism. Training for pediatric endocrinology consists of a 3 year fellowship following completion of a 3 year pediatrics residency. The fellowship, and the specialty, are heavily research-oriented and academically based, although less exclusively now than in past decades.


 

  • Track 5-1What Types of Treatment Do Pediatric Endocrinologists Provide?
  • Track 5-2What is a Pediatric Endocrinologist?
  • Track 5-3What Kind of Training Do Pediatric Endocrinologists Have?
  • Track 5-4Pediatric Endocrinologists — the Best Care For Children
  • Track 6-1Hypothalamus: The hypothalamus is located in the lower central part of the brain. This part of the brain is important in regulation of satiety, metabolism, and body temperature. In addition, it secretes hormones that stimulate or suppress the release of h
  • Track 6-2Pituitary gland: The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain beneath the hypothalamus and is no larger than a pea. It is often considered the most important part of the endocrine system because it produces hormones that control many functions
  • Track 6-3Pineal gland: The pineal body, or pineal gland, is located in the middle of the brain. It secretes a hormone called melatonin, which may help regulate the wake-sleep cycle of the body

Osteoporosis is portrayed by low bone mass and microarchitectural crumbling of bone tissue prompting diminished bone strength and an expanded danger of low-energy cracks. Focal double energy X-beam absorptiometry estimations are the highest quality level for deciding bone mineral thickness. Bone misfortune is an unavoidable outcome of the abatement in estrogen levels during and following menopause, yet extra danger factors for bone misfortune can likewise add to osteoporosis in more established ladies. An even eating routine, exercise, and smoking end are vital to keeping up bone wellbeing as ladies age. Pharmacologic specialists ought to be suggested in patients at high danger for break.

 

 

 

 


Multiple endocrine neoplasia is a group of disorders that affect the body's network of hormone-producing glands called the endocrine system. Hormones are chemical messengers that travel through the bloodstream and regulate the function of cells and tissues throughout the body. Multiple endocrine neoplasia typically involves tumors in at least two endocrine glands; tumors can also develop in other organs and tissues. These growths can be noncancerous or cancerous. If the tumors become cancerous, the condition can be life-threatening.

The major forms of multiple endocrine neoplasia are called type 1, type 2, and type 4. These types are distinguished by the genes involved, the types of hormones made, and the characteristic signs and symptoms. Many different types of tumors are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia. Type 1 frequently involves tumors of the parathyroid glands, the pituitary gland, and the pancreas. Tumors in these glands can lead to the overproduction of hormones. The most common sign of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 is overactivity of the parathyroid glands.

The testicles incorporate two significant items: testosterone, required for the turn of events and upkeep of numerous physiological capacities; and sperm, required for male ripeness. The amalgamation of the two items is managed by endocrine chemicals delivered in the nerve center and pituitary, just as locally inside the testis. Testosterone is vital for sperm creation, anyway both testosterone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) are required for ideal testicular turn of events and maximal sperm creation. Sperm are created through the phenomenally unpredictable and dynamic cycle of spermatogenesis that requires co-activity between different testicular cell types. While it has for quite some time been realized that testosterone and FSH direct spermatogenesis, long periods of exploration has revealed insight into a large number of the many-sided systems by which spermatogonial foundational microorganisms form into profoundly particular, motile spermatozoa. Spermatogenesis includes the purposeful associations of endocrine chemicals, yet in addition numerous paracrine and development factors, firmly co-ordinated quality and protein articulation programs just as epigenetic modifiers of the genome and diverse non-coding RNA species. This part gives an extensive outline of the intriguing interaction of spermatogenesis and of its guideline, and stresses the endocrine guideline of testicular physical cells and germ cells. The part additionally gives a rundown of the clinically critical parts of the endocrine guideline of spermatogenesis. For complete inclusion of all connected spaces of Endocrinology, kindly see our online FREE web-book

Hormonal cooperation between the nerve center, foremost pituitary organ, and ovaries controls the female regenerative framework. The nerve center secretes a little peptide, gonadotropin-delivering chemical (GnRH), otherwise called luteinizing chemical delivering chemical. GnRH controls arrival of the gonadotropins luteinizing chemical (LH) and follicle-animating chemical (FSH) from particular cells (gonadotropes) in the foremost pituitary organ (see figure The CNS-hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal objective organ hub). These chemicals are delivered in short blasts (beats) each 1 to 4 hours. LH and FSH advance ovulation and animate discharge of the sex chemicals estradiol (an estrogen) and progesterone from the ovaries. 
Estrogen and progesterone course in the circulatory system for the most part bound to plasma proteins. Just unbound estrogen and progesterone have all the earmarks of being naturally dynamic. They animate the objective organs of the conceptive framework (eg, bosoms, uterus, vagina). They typically hinder be that as it may, in specific circumstances (eg, around the hour of ovulation), may animate gonadotropin discharge.


Transgender is an umbrella term for a diverse group of people such as trans women (male-to-female) and trans men (female-to-male), genderqueer individuals, and many others whose gender identity or expression differs from societal expectations of how they should look, act, or identify based on the sex they were assigned at birth. Transgender and other gender minority people are often the targets of discrimination and harassment that can lead to negative health outcomes. The term “gender nonconforming” is used to describe individuals whose gender identity, role, or expression differs from what is normative for their assigned sex at birth in a given culture and historical period.

Transgender is used as an umbrella term to describe individuals whose gender identity differs from the assigned sex at birth. Transgender males are people assigned female at birth but who self-identify as male. Transgender females are people assigned male at birth, but who self-identify as female. Transgender individuals are often denied insurance coverage for appropriate medical and psychological treatment. Over the last decade, there has been considerable research on and development of evidence-based standards of care that have proven to be both safe and efficacious for the treatment of gender dysphoria/gender incongruence. There is also a growing understanding of the impact that increased access to such treatments can have on the mental health of these individuals.


  • Track 11-1Gender identity
  • Track 11-2Diagnosis
  • Track 11-3Medical Treatment
  • Track 11-4Endpoints
  • Track 11-5Concerns

 Obesity is a condition in which a person has excess body fat. Obesity can increase a person's risk of diseases and health problems, including high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease. It is a complex problem and a major public health concern, both in the United States and worldwide. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility.  A few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or mental disorder. The view that obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is not medically supported. On average, obese people have greater energy expenditure than their normal counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.

A metabolic disorder occurs when the metabolism process fails and causes the body to have either too much or too little of the essential substances needed to stay healthy. Metabolic disorders can take many forms i.e. a missing enzyme or vitamin that’s necessary for an important chemical reaction, abnormal chemical reactions that hinder metabolic processes and disease in the liver, pancreas, endocrine glands, or other organs involved in metabolism. Metabolic disorders can be present at birth, and many can be identified by routine screening. If a metabolic disorder is not identified early, then it may be diagnosed later in life, when symptoms appear. Specific blood and DNA tests can be done to diagnose genetic metabolic disorders. The gut microbiota, which is a population of microorganisms that live in the human digestive system, also has an important part in metabolism and generally has a positive function for its host.


The spices and plant subsidiaries recorded beneath have been utilized customarily by local individuals in the treatment of diabetes, in the spaces wherein they develop. 
Many experience the ill effects of a lacking information base. 
Allium 
Allium sativum is all the more regularly known as garlic, and is thought to offer cell reinforcement properties and miniature circulatory impacts. Albeit few examinations have straightforwardly connected allium with insulin and blood glucose levels, results have been positive. 
Allium may cause a decrease in blood glucose, increment emission and moderate the debasement of insulin Limited information is accessible be that as it may, and further preliminaries are required. 
Bauhinia forficata and Myrcia uniflora 
Bauhinia forficata fills in South American, and is utilized in Brazilian natural fixes. This plant has been alluded to as 'vegetable insulin'. Myrcia uniflora is likewise generally utilized in South America. Studies using the spices as tea mixtures propose that their hypoglycaemic impacts are misrepresented. 
Coccinia indica 
Coccinia indica is otherwise called the 'ivy gourd' and develops wild across the Indian subcontinent. Generally utilized in ayurverdic cures, the spice has been found to contain insulin-mimetic properties (i.e; it mirrors the capacity of insulin). 
Critical changes in glycaemic control have been accounted for in investigations including coccinia indican, and specialists accept that it ought to be concentrated further. 
Ficus carica 
Ficus carican, or fig-leaf, is notable as a diabetic cure in Spain and South-western Europen, however its dynamic part is obscure. A few examinations on creatures propose that fig-leaf works with glucose take-up. 
The viability of the plant is, be that as it may, in any case yet to be approved in the treatment of diabetes. 
Ginseng 
Ginseng is an aggregate name for a wide range of plant species. 
In certain investigations using American ginseng, diminishes in fasting blood glucose were accounted for. Assortments incorporate Korean ginseng, Siberian ginseng, American ginseng and Japanese ginseng.

Clinical trials are part of clinical research and at the heart of all medical advances. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect, or treat disease. Scientists are conducting research to learn more about diabetes, including the following studies

The Glycemia Reduction Approaches in Diabetes: A Comparative Effectiveness Study is following more than 5,000 people across the country who have type 2 diabetes to find out which combination of two diabetes medicines is best for blood glucose, also called blood sugar, management; has the fewest side effects; and is the most helpful for overall health in long-term diabetes treatment.

Trial Net: It is conducting research studies around the world, including risk screening for relatives of people with type 1 diabetes, monitoring for people at risk, and innovative clinical trials aimed at slowing down or stopping the diseas.

  • Track 14-1Government-Sponsored Trials in Diabetes
  • Track 14-2The NIDDK Clinical Trial Development Process
  • Track 14-3Developing Informative Clinical Trials for a Chronic, Heterogeneous Disease
  • Track 14-4NIDDK: A Model for Clinical Trial Collaborations
  • Track 14-5A Network Approach To Type 1 Diabetes Trials
  • Track 14-6 Case Study: Government- Vs. Industry-Sponsored Trials In Type 2 Diabetes

Endocrinology is a branch medicine that deals with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions such as hormones. It is also concerned with the integration of developmental events proliferation, growth, and differentiation, and the psychological or behavioral activities of metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception caused by hormones. The endocrine system consists of several glands, all in different parts of the body, that secrete hormones directly into the blood rather than into a duct system. Therefore, endocrine glands are regarded as ductless glands.

Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death.  Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced.